Scarsdale, New York
Scarsdale is Westchester's most affluent community, calling itself a "Village in a Park". About a quarter of the 6.5-square-mile village is open space in the form of parks and parkways, making it one of the greenest villages of its size in Westchester County.
The area was settled in the early 18th century by Caleb Heathcote, the son of an English aristocrat. He was granted title to the village, which he called the Manor of Scarsdale, after his home district in Derbyshire, England. The village began as a farm town where sheep herding was a major industry, and corn, rye and buckwheat were among the staple crops.
It was only in the late 19th century when a railroad station was built that Scarsdale began to transform from a summer retreat and farming community into an upscale commuter suburb.
Today, its quaint English-village character and some of the nation's best-known public schools attract people to this village of 17,958 people, just 30 minutes away from Manhattan. Many residents who spend weekdays in the busy work environment of New York City love to spend their weekends strolling in the village's Tudor-style downtown, home to exclusive boutiques, restaurants, jewelry shops and wine stores.