Larchmont, New York
Larchmont is a village located in Westchester County, New York. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 6,485. As a village, it is located within the Town of Mamaroneck. It is located on the shore of the Long Island Sound, about eighteen miles from Midtown Manhattan. Larchmont is served by the New Haven Line of the Metro-North Railroad.
In July of 2005, CNN/Money and Money magazine ranked Larchmont 11th on its list of the 100 Best Places to Live in the United States.
Originally inhabited by the Siwanoy (an Algonquin tribe), Larchmont was discovered by the Dutch in 1614. By 1720, few Siwanoy remained in the Larchmont area and the land had been largely bought up by British and Dutch settlers. The village was incorporated in 1891.
Before the advent of the automobile, Larchmont was a resort community serving wealthy New York City residents. Many of the Victorian "cottages" and a few of the grand hotels (such as the Bevan House and Manor Inn) remain to this day, though these have been converted to other uses such as private residences. The world-renowned Larchmont Yacht Club still hosts an annual Race Week competition. It is adjacent to Manor Park, which was designed by Jeremiah Towle, an early summer resident of Larchmont Manor and an engineer. Although the park has been rumored to have been designed by famous landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, the only evidence of any involvement by Olmsted in Larchmont is a c. 1845 survey map (original found in Village Hall) commissioned by Edward Knight Collins, who at the time owned what later came to be called the Manor.